Saturday, December 7, 2013


By Lucy A Phillips—compiled by Iris Crump 1979
I recall my grandfather and grandmother Crump’s home.  It was a humble home on the brow of Spanish Fork Plateau, just west of Mapleton, Utah.  The house was made of adobe clay brick which was molded from the clay beds there.  My mother, Rachel Crump Phillips and her brother, Joseph John Crump moved the family into the granary and tore down the little one room adobe house.  Mother and Uncle Joe made all the adobes and laid them up for their three room home.  The house was completed in on year.  They traded some of their building work with neighbors, who were skilled in some types of building work. 
I recall that at the bottom of their garden, there were flowers along the fence and there was a garden of vegetables.  There were also a few chickens in a coup.  There was also, in a small slope on the house, a bin in which grandfather told me they kept the grain they gleaned from the different farmers.  Inside the house, there were two small bedrooms and one large living-kitchen area. 
Iris Grahm & Elmer Castree Crump with Joe, Cary Lee, DeeAnne
In grandmother’s kitchen there was a big braided rug that had been made from scraps of anything she could get.  This gave the room a cozy, cheerful look.  Also, in the kitchen-living room against the wall on the south side, there was a table.  Nearby, was a low cook stove which had an ash pan which projected out of it.  Adjacent to the east wall was a tall was a tall cupboard for dishes and storage space.  There was a work space between stove and storage space. 

As a child, I was a climber on chairs or anything I could left myself on to, particularly if there was a jam jar or something I could taste by putting my finger into it.  On top of grandmother’s cupboard shelf, there was an earthen jar, the fruit bottle of that time that usually contained either ground cheery or Pottawattamie plum jam.  These were some of the fruits available in those days and they tasted delicious to me and to the people of that time. 
Old Crump home
One day I climbed a chair, reached for the jar and we both fell.  I hit the projection on the stove and cut my chin, but fortunately the jar didn’t break, although we lost some of the contents.  This experience failed to cure my picking and tasting which has become a life-long habit. 
The time I remember grandmother the best was when I was about four years old.  She always had on a long skirt that that fit tight around her waist.  Her sleeves were long, regardless of the work she did.  In short, I recall grandmother as wearing the typical clothes of her day.  I do not recall seeing her in changes of styles of dresses, for her dress always seemed dark, but clean and tidy.  
Joseph John Crump---Lucy Jane Crump
Mary Ann Crump
Grandmother never scolded me; she let me profit from my own experiences.  She always had a slice of bread for me.  She used to go out in the garden in the summer and work and cultivate her vegetables and flowers.  She was a woman who loved her neighbors; she deeply appreciated any kindness shown to her.  My grandmother was a kind, sincere hard working woman.  She was deeply religious and grateful for the Lord’s blessings.  Records show that did much baptismal work in the Manti Temple.   Grandmother was a kindly, soft spoken lady.  Grandfather was a kindly man also. 
They were very industrious.  They made butter which along with eggs were taken by my mother, Rachel, by foot to Springville to sell at the Hayward Store.  They were paid in cash so they could buy bits of cloth or other necessities.

By Iris Crump June 1979
England about 1876
Daniel and his wife, Lucy, met and played together as children.  Neither had the opportunity to go to school.  She later had a chance to learn to read and write.  Dan began to earn his living at eight years of age by working for the rich farmers on Garway Hill.  He would sleep in the hay loft of the people he worked for.  He earned one shilling a day with two scanty meals.

John Joseph and Elizabeth Vincent Crump
 Lucy would pick hops in the hops season for that was the crop of the rich farmer.  She would work four hours and earned three shillings or 75 cents a day. 
Daniel told his children, “If you were born poor in the poor class in England, you would always be poor.”  You could never rise above that class and the rich would look down on you and you would be classed as a slave.”  One of his relatives was jailed for three months because he killed a rabbit to feed his hungry family.  They belonged to the Church of England, but drew away from it due to the cruelties of the rich class.  They were converted by President Wilford Woodruff along with quite a group of other people.
Daniel and Lucy were baptized the same day, 16 November 1847.  Lucy received her first faith promoting incident when she was baptized.  She had been in very poor health but she was promised by the Elders that her health would be restored if she was baptized, and from that day her health was much improved. 
Daniel and Lucy were married in 1859 and had ten children.  Nine of them were born in Garway and five were buried there. 

Andrew Halverson, Joe Crump, Chris & Ray Halverson
at Rag Town, Magna about 1912
They had a great desire to come to Zion and finally after twenty years of hardships and privation they finally saved up enough money to pay their passage to America.  They left England on 29 August 1871 with four children; Andrew 19, Joseph 5, Rachel Hannah 4, and Mary Ann 6 months.  Lucy was so ill that she had to be carried onto the boat.  The doctor told her she would probably die at sea, but before the voyage was over, she was again caring for her children because the rest of them became so seasick. 
The sailing vessel was very crude and the inside was very rough finished.  The table was made of a very rough board.  Their beds were bunks: six bunks high with just enough space to crawl into and lie down.  If you tried to sit up you would bump you head.  They had two severe storms while they were at sea and it was frightening to those in the lower decks. 
There was not much to eat except boiled potatoes.  They were brought in large barrels and rolled out on to the table.  Lucy remembered a large porthole and water splashing against it.  She saw a man jump through it and into the ocean.  This was a very bad experience for her. 

left-Chris Halverson, Joe Crump
It took one month to cross the ocean.  They landed in New York 0n 29 September 1871.  Elmer Crump’s Aunt Rachel recalled how fearful of becoming lost from her parents in this new strange land of America.  After they landed Daniel and Lucy bought a ticket on a train to Pittsburg, Ohio, where they lived for two and one half years.  Daniel worked in a factory as an iron puddler at this time. 
It was wonderful to Lucy to light a match and start a fire in a stove.  Daniel brought home a shiny new washboard and much later a sewing machine.  Lucy was overwhelmed with joy to learn to sew on this wonderful American invention.  Here their last child, Lucy Jane was born.

In the late spring of 1875, they left Pittsburg and came by train to Spanish Fork to live.  Daniel had a sister, Jane Crump Powell living there.  She had borrowed some money and sent it to them to help bring them to Utah.  They were one week on the train and it was very tiring because they had to sit up all the time.  A lady gave them some peanuts; the first they had ever eaten.  They were so good. 
After they came to Spanish Fork, Mary Ann died of Black Canker (Diphtheria).  She was five years old.
lucy Crump Peterson

Aunt Jane let them live in a one room granary and it was Rachel’s and Joseph’s job to keep the mud filled in the cracks between the logs and also the dirt roof repaired.
A few weeks after coming to Spanish Fork, Daniel went to work at the Salt Lake City Temple Quarry at Cottonwood Canyon.  He worked there for eleven years.  The wages were $2.50 a day.  They had to pay $1.00 a day tithing.
In the fall, after their arrival at Spanish Fork, Lucy with her son, Joseph and daughter, Rachel, went into the grain fields after the crops were taken off and gleaned enough wheat to keep them in flour that winter.

It seemed as though hardships continued all to the fact that the Church paid such meager wages and it had to be taken out of the storehouse.  Then Daniel got his legs broken and dust from the rock irritated his eyes and they began to fail him.  He had to give up his job and return to Spanish Fork.  He bought a home and a piece of ground and farmed, but could only produce enough to feed his family.  The three eldest children had to find work to help the family budget.

Daniel and Lucy finally got a little money ahead and they bought a few chickens and two cows.

On their ocean voyage when Lucy was so ill that she had to be carried onto the boat, she knew in her heart that if she could go to America, she knew she would live to raise her family.  On the boat she was administered to by the Elders and the Lord did bless and strengthen her; she was not even seasick or otherwise troubled the rest of the trip.  This was a testimony to her of what faith for a good cause can do. 

They lived in Iron Dale, Ohio for a time, but still greatly desired to come to Utah.  Lucy prayed fervently about this matter and promised the lord that he would open the way for this, she would never murmur again about hardships.  They still had many hardships the rest of their lives but she never really complained but tried to count her blessings.

Crump home 1919
In the fall of 1876, Joseph and Rachel with Lucy Jane went out to glean ground cherries and dried them to sell them to buy much needed groceries.  Their meals were often very scanty.  On 7 April 1881 they took out their endowments and had their children sealed to them in the Old Endowment House in Salt Lake City.

The last few years of Lucy’s life her health was very poor, but she was only confined to her bed for about a week.  She died 15 February 1898.
Daniel lived twelve more years.  He mostly stayed with Joseph Crump in Palmyra and sometimes during the summer months with his daughter, Rachel in Springville Canyon.  He died 27 September 1910.  They are both buried in the Spanish Fork Cemetery.

--Chris Peterson married Lucy Jane, Daniel and Lucy Castree Crump’s daughter
James Halverson married Mary Ellen Vincent daughter of James Willard Vincent
John Joseph Crump married Elisabeth Ellen Vincent daughter of James and Mary Vincent

No comments:

Post a Comment